Find out the different types of legal frameworks that exist.
British citizens and UK residents can create e-petitions on petition.parliament.uk to be considered in parliament. Petitions must call for a specific action and focus on an area that the Government or the House of Commons is directly responsible for. When a petition reaches 10,000 signatures, the government will respond online. When a petition reaches 100,000 signatures, it will be considered for debate in parliament. It is rare a petition will not be debated once it reaches 100,000 signatures, but this may happen if the issue has already been debated recently, or a similar debate is already scheduled. Paper petitions, or public petitions, can also be presented to the House of Commons by MPs. These can also be considered for debate, will receive a government response, and unlike e-petitions, do not need a minimum number of signatures.
The petitions committee is a select committee within the House of Commons. This committee reviews e-petitions and paper petitions and is made up of 11 backbench MPs from the government and opposition parties. The number of MPs from each party in the committee reflects the number of MPs in the Commons as a whole. The committee can:
Find out how a bill becomes legislation and the processes involved.
Find out about the difference between the House of Commons and the House of Lords and what responsibilities lie with each of these two different houses.
Learn about the different types of debate and early day motions along with their uses in the UK parliament.
Our suggestions on how can you most effectively make your voices heard in parliament.
Learn about the parliamentary process in Great Britain. How legislation is developed, the roles of the Houses and how you can ensure your voice is heard.