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Searching for Alternatives

Searching for Alternatives

Advice and resources to help with searching for alternatives to the use of laboratory animals.

The ability to search, access and implement information on alternatives to the use of laboratory animals and the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement) is essential for ethical and scientific reasons, because it can lead to improvements in animal welfare and scientific outcomes, as well as to saving resources. It can also prevent unnecessary duplication of studies, improve experimental design, and ensure that existing and new alternative methods are used as widely as possible.

To help scientists effectively find and make use of the 3Rs, we have put together some resources on the basic principles of searching for 3Rs information. It assumes no previous knowledge of search techniques or of the facilities available for obtaining information from the internet. It acts as a starting point for scientists, giving advice on terminology, correct strategies and available resources for efficiently conducting internet-based searches. When further in-depth or specific guidance is available, this is highlighted and links are provided.

Conducting a search for alternatives

This guide focuses on the basic principles applying to the construction of search filters for use on internet search engines or on any online database. It includes general considerations relating to the choice of search terms and to the use of operators to define the links between the terms. The guide also includes advice on performing a literature search in bibliographical databases, with much of the information also applicable to internet searches.

Conducting a search for alternatives
Resources

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